Postactivation Potentiation & Complex Training

Complex Training incorporates a heavy strength exercise prior to completing an exercise with a lower resistance but with faster execution (eg plyometric or ballistic) (Ebben, 2002)

References & Further Reading

Baker, D., and Newton, R.U. (2005) Acute effect on power output of alternating an agonist and antagonist muscle exercise during complex training. J. Strength Cond. Res. 19(1):202–205.[full text]

Ebben, W.P. (2002) Complex Training: A Brief Review. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine (2002) 1, 42-46 [full text]

Horwarth & Kravitz [no date] Post-activation potentiation - A brief review [web article]

Khamoui,A.V. Jo,E., Brown,L.E. [no date] Postactivation Potentiation and Athletic Performance [full text]

Kilduff, L.P. et al. (2008) Influence of recovery time on post-activation potentiation in professinoal rugby players Journal of Sport Sciences Vol. 26, No. 8, 795-802 [full text]

McGowan, C. J., Pyne, D. B., Thompson, K. G., & Rattray, B. (2015). Warm-up strategies for sport and exercise: mechanisms and applications. Sports Medicine, 45(11), 1523-1546.

Robbins, D.W. (2005). Postactivation potentiation and its practical applicability: a brief review. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(2), 453-458. [full text]

Santos, E.J.A.M. and Janeira, M.A.A.S. (2008) Effects of complex training on explosive strength in adolescent male basketball players Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research Vol.22, No.3, 903-909 [full text]

Sale, D. G. (2002). Postactivation potentiation: role in human performance. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 30(3), 138-143.

Tillin, N. A., & Bishop, D. (2009). Factors modulating post-activation potentiation and its effect on performance of subsequent explosive activities. Sports Medicine Vol.39, No.2, 147-66. [abstract]

Wilson, J. M., Duncan, N. M., Marin, P. J., Brown, L. E., Loenneke, J. P., Wilson, S. M., ... & Ugrinowitsch, C. (2013). Meta-analysis of postactivation potentiation and power: effects of conditioning activity, volume, gender, rest periods, and training status. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 27(3), 854-859. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31825c2bdb