Type II Diabetes
Type II Diabetes is a major public health issue and in 2019, it was estimated that around the world more than 4 million deaths in people aged 20-79 were attributable to diabetes and it's complications. On an individual level, it has been estimated that a 50 year old with diabetes has a six year lower life expectancy than a similar person without diabetes.
This page is intended as a learning resource for those interested in the relationship between physical activity and Type II Diabetes.
Why is Diabetes a public health priority? (e.g. Seshasi et al, 2011)
What are the long-term health complications of hyperglycemia?
Describe how blood glucose is regulated.
What types of Diabetes exist and how do they vary?
What are the modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for TIID?
What is the link between physical activity levels, sedentary lifestyles and the onset of TIID?
What are the links between activity levels, Cardiorespiratory fitness and strength and TIID?
What are the links between dietary intake and onset of TIID?
How can nutritional and physical activity changes impact the management of TIID?
What medications are used to manage TIID and how do they work?
What is the relationship between excess body fat and TIID? How does this relationship vary across populations and individuals?
What is Insulin resistance and how does it link to TIID?
How does gender interact with the risk factors for TIID?
How does ethnic background interact with the risk factors for TIID?
How successful have interventions been in addressing TIID? (e.g. Gong et al, 2019; Lindstrom et al, 2013) How have these worked for different genders and ethnic groups?
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