Low Back Pain: Further Reading

Al-Eisa, E., Egan, D., Deluzio, K., and Wassersug, R. (2006) Effects of pelvic skeletal asymmetry on trunk movement three-dimensional analysis in healthy individuals versus patients with mechanical low back pain Spine Vol. 31, No. 3, E71–E79 [full text]

Al-Eisa, E., Egan, D., Deluzio, K., and Wassersug, R. (2006) Effects of pelvic asymmetry and low back pain on trunk kinematics during sitting: a comparison with standing Spine Vol. 31, No. 5, E135-143 [full text]

Andersson, G. (1999) Epidemiological features of chronic low-back pain. Lancet 354: 581–85 [full text]

Airaksinen, O., Brox, J-I., Cedraschi, C., Hildebrandt, J., Klaber-Moffett, J., Kovacs, F., Mannion, A.F., Reis, S., Staal, J.B., Ursin, H., Zanoli, G. (2006) Chapter 4. European guidelines for the management of chronic non-specific low back pain. European Spine Journal, 15: S192-S300. [full text]

Axler, C. T., & McGill, S. M. (1997). Low back loads over a variety of abdominal exercises: searching for the safest abdominal challenge.Medicine and science in sports and exercise, 29(6), 804-811.[abstract]

Balachandran, A (2011) A Revolution in the Understanding of Pain and Treatment of Chronic Pain [online] http://bretcontreras.com/a-revolution-in-the-understanding-of-pain-and-treatment-of-chronic-pain/

Bogduk, N. (2004) Clinical update: management of chronic low back pain. Medical Journal of Australia 180(2): 79-83 [full text]

Brox, J.I., Storheim, K., Grotle, M., Tveito, T.H., Indahl, A., Eriksen, H.R. (2008) Evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain with back schools, brief education, and fear-avoidance training The Spine Journal Vol.8, 28–39 [full text]

Buckley, J. (Ed) (2008) Exercise Physiology in Special Populations. Oxford; Elsevier. [google books]

Chatzitheodorou, D., Kabitsis, C., Malliou, P. and Mougios, V. (2007) A Pilot Study of the Effects of High- Intensity Aerobic Exercise Versus Passive Interventions on Pain, Disability, Psychological Strain, and Serum Cortisol Concentrations in People With Chronic Low Back Pain. Physical therapy Vol. 87, No. 3, 304 – 312. [full text]

Chou, R., Qaseem, A., Snow, V. et al (2007) Diagnosis and treatment of low back pain: A joint clinical practice guideline from the American Pain Society. Ann Int Med 147(7): 478-491 [full text]

Coates, P. (2010) Back Pain: Exercise Plans to improve your life London: A & C Black. [google books]

Christe, G., Pizzolato, V., Meyer, M., Nzamba, J., & Pichonnaz, C. (2021). Unhelpful beliefs and attitudes about low back pain in the general population: a cross-sectional survey. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 102342.

Areerak, K., Waongenngarm, P., & Janwantanakul, P. (2021). Factors associated with exercise adherence to prevent or treat neck and low back pain: A systematic review. Musculoskeletal Science and Practice, 102333. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msksp.2021.102333

Comerford, M. J., Mottram, S. L. (2001) Functional stability re-training: principles and strategies for managing mechanical dysfunction Manual Therapy Vol. 6, No.1, 3-14 [full text]

Cowan, S. M., Schache, A. G. Brukner, P. K., Bennell, L., Hodges, P. W., Coburn, P. and Crossley, K. M.(2004) Delayed Onset of Transversus Abdominus in Long-Standing Groin Pain. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 36, No. 12, 2040–2045 [full text]

Crombez, G., Ecclestone, C., Vleayen, J.W. et al (2002) Exposure to physical movements in low back pain patients: restricted effects of generalization. Health Psychology 21(6): 573-578 [full text]

Du Bois, M. and Donceel, P. (2012) Guiding Low Back Claimants to Work: A Randomized Controlled Trial Spine. Vol. 37, No.17: 1425-1431 [abstract]

Eccleston, C., Morley, S. J., & Williams, A. D. C. (2013). Psychological approaches to chronic pain management: evidence and challenges. British Journal of Anaesthesia, 111(1), 59-63. https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/aet207

Ebenbichler, G. R., Oddsson, L. I. E. Kollmitzer, J. and Erim. Z. (2001) Sensory-motor control of the lower back: implications for rehabilitation. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 33, No. 11, 1889-1898.[abstract]

Ehrman, J., Gordon, P., Visich, P.S., Keteyianby, S. (2009) Clinical Exercise Physiology (2nd Ed). Champaign IL: Human Kinetics

Ferreira P.H., Ferreira M.L., Maher C.G., Herbert R.D. and Refshauge, K. (2006): Specific stabilisation exercise for spinal and pelvic pain: A systematic review. Australian Journal of Physiotherapy 52: 79–88 [full text]

Hayden, J.A., van Tulder, M.W., Tomlinson, G. (2005) Systematic Review: Strategies for Using Exercise Therapy To Improve Outcomes in Chronic Low Back Pain Ann Intern Med 142:776-785 [full text]

Hayden, J., van Tulder, M.W., Malmivaara, A., Koes, B.W.(2005) Exercise therapy for treatment of non-specific low back pain. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Issue 3: CD000335. [full text]

Henchoz, Y., de Goumoëns, P., Norberg, M., Paillex, R., So, A (2010) Role of Physical Exercise in Low Back Pain Rehabilitation: A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Three-Month Exercise Program in Patients Who Have Completed Multidisciplinary Rehabilitation Spine 35(12); 1192-1199 [abstract]

Hicks, G.E., Fritz, J.M., Delitto, A., McGill, S.M. (2005) Preliminary development of a clinical prediction rule for determining which patients with low back pain will respond to a stabilization exercise program. Arch Phys Med Rehabil Vol. 86,1753-62.[full text]

Hides, J. A., Richardson, C. A., & Jull, G. A. (1996). Multifidus muscle recovery is not automatic after resolution of acute, first-episode low back pain. Spine, Vol. 21, No. 23, 2763-2769. [full text]

Hides, J.A., Stokes, M.J., Saide, M., Jull, G.A. & Cooper, D.H. (1994) Evidence of lumbar multifidus muscle wasting ipsilateral to symptoms in patients with acute/subacute low back pain. Spine Vol.19, No.2, 165-72

Hides, J.A., Jull, G.A. and Richardson, C.A. (2001) Long-term effects of specific stabilizing exercises for first episode low back pain. Spine. Vol. 26, No. 11 E243-8 [full text]

Hodges, P.W., Richardson, C.A. (1996) Inefficient muscular stabilization of the lumbar spine associated with low back pain. A motor control evaluation of transverses abdominis. Spine. Vol. 21, 2640-2650 [abstract]

Iles, R., Taylor, N. F., Davidson, M., & O’Halloran, P. (2011). Telephone coaching can increase activity levels for people with non-chronic low back pain: a randomised trial. Journal of physiotherapy, 57(4), 231–8. doi:10.1016/S1836-9553(11)70053-4 [full text]

Kääpä, E., Frantsi, K., Sarna, S., Malmivaara, A. (2006) Multidisciplinary Group Rehabilitation Versus Individual Physiotherapy for Chronic Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Randomized Trial. Spine. 31(4): 371-376.[abstract]

Kolber, M.J., Beekhuizen, K. (2007) Lumbar Stabilization: An evidence-based approach for the athlete with low back pain Strength and Conditioning Journal Vol.29, No.2, 26–37 [full text]

Kool, J., de Bie, R., Oesch, P., Knu¨sel, O., van den Brandt, P., and Bachmann, S.(2004) Exercise reduces sick leave in patients with non-acute non-specific low back pain: a meta-analysis J Rehabil Med Vol. 36, 49–62 [full text]

Kress, H. G., Aldington, D., Alon, E., Coaccioli, S., Collett, B., Coluzzi, F., ... & Mangas, A. C. (2015). A holistic approach to chronic pain management that involves all stakeholders: change is needed. Current medical research and opinion, 31(9), 1743-1754. [abstract]

Leeuw, M., Goossens, M. Linton, S.J. Crombez, G., Boersma, K. and Vlaeyen, J.W.S. (2007)The Fear-Avoidance Model of Musculoskeletal Pain: Current State of Scientific Evidence Journal of Behavioral Medicine, Vol. 30, No. 1 [full text]

Liddle, S.D., Baxter, G.D., Gracey, J.H. (2004) Exercise and chronic low back pain: what works? Pain Vol. 107, 176–190 [full text]

Linton, S.J. (2001) Occupational Psychological Factors Increase the Risk for Back Pain: A Systematic Review Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, Vol. 11, No. 1, 53-66 [full text]

Macedo, L.G., Maher, C.G., Latimer, J., McAuley, J.H. (2009) Motor Control Exercise for Persistent, Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Systematic Review Physical Therapy Vol. 89, No.1, 9-25 [full text]

Maniadakis A, Gray A. (2000) The economic burden of back pain in the UK. Pain Vol. 84, 95-103 [full text]

Marras, W.S. (2008) The Working Back: A systems View. Hoboken,NJ: John Wiley & Sons [google books]

Mayer, J.M., Haldeman, S., Tricco, A., Dagenais, S. (2010) Management of Chronic Low Back Pain in Active Individuals Current Sports Medicine Reports Vol.9, No.1, 60-66 [abstract]

McGill, S.M. (1997) Distribution of tissue loads the low back during a variety of daily and rehabilitation tasks Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development Vol . 34, No . 4, 448-458 [full text]

McGill SM. (1998) Low back exercises: evidence for improving exercise regimens. Phys Ther. Vol.78, No.7, 754-765 [full text]

McGill, S.M. (no date) Enhancing Low Back Health through stabilization exercise Available from: http://www.ahs.uwaterloo.ca/~mcgill/fitnessleadersguide.pdf

McGill, S.M. (no date) Designing Back Exercise: from Rehabilitation to Enhancing Performance Available from: http://www.backfitpro.com/pdf/selecting_back_exercises.pdf

McGill, S.M. (2007) Low Back Disorders:Evidence based prevention and rehabilitation (2nd Ed) Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics [google books][www.backfitpro.com]

McGill, S.M. (2009) Ultimate Back Fitness and Performance. Waterloo, Canada: Backfitpro Inc.

Moseley, G.L. (2004) Evidence for a direct relationship between cognitive and physical change during an education intervention in people with chronic low back pain European Journal of Pain Vol.8, 39–45 [full text]

Moseley, G.L., Nicholas, M.K., and Hodges, P.W. (2004) Does anticipation of back pain predispose to back trouble? Brain 127, 2339–2347 [full text]

NASM (2010) Essentials of corrective exercise training. Philadelphia. PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins [google books] [Ch14: Corrective exercise strategies for lumbo-pelvic-hip impairments]

O'Sullivan, P. (2005) Diagnosis and classification of chronic low back pain disorders: maladaptive movement and motor control impairments as underlying mechanism. Manual Therapy Vol. 10, No. 4, 242-55 [full text]

Picavet, H.S.J., Vlaeyen, J.W.S., Schouten, J.S. (2002) Pain catastrophizing and kinesiophobia: predictors of chronic low back pain. American Journal of Epidemiology 156(11): 1028-1034 [full text]

Pincus, T., Burton, A.K., Vogel, S., Field, A.P. (2002) A Systematic Review of Psychological Factors as Predictors of Chronicity/Disability in Prospective Cohorts of Low Back Pain Spine Vol. 27, No. 5, E109–E120 [full text]

Pincus, T., Voget, S., Burton, A.K., Santos, R., Field, A. (2006) Fear avoidance and prognosis in back pain: A systematic review and synthesis of current evidence. Arthritis & Rheumatism 54(12); 3999-4010 [full text]

Rainville, J., Hartigan, C., Martinez, E., et al (2004) Exercise as a treatment for chronic low back pain The Spine Journal Vol. 4, 106–115 [full text]

Richardson, C., Jull, G., Hodges, P et al (1999) Therapeutic exercise for spinal segmental stabilization in low back pain. Churchill Livingstone; Edinburgh [amazon]

Richardson, C.A., Snijders, C.J., Hides, J.A., Damen, L., Pas, M.S., Storm, J. (2002) The Relation Between the Transversus Abdominis Muscles, Sacroiliac Joint Mechanics, and Low Back Pain Spine Vol. 27, No. 4, 399–405 [full text]

Sculco, A.D., Paup, D.C., Fernhall, B. and Sculco, M.J. (2001) Effects of aerobic exercise on low back pain patients in treatment The Spine Journal Vol. 1, No. 2, 95-101 [abstract]

Skouen, J.S., Grasdal, A.L., Haldorsen, E.M.H., Ursin, H. (2002) Relative Cost-Effectiveness of Extensive and Light Multidisciplinary Treatment Programs Versus Treatment as Usual for Patients With Chronic Low Back Pain on Long-Term Sick Leave: Randomized Controlled Study Spine 27(9); 901-909 [abstract]

Smeets, R.J.E.M. (2006) Active rehabilitation for chronic low back pain. Cognitive-behavioural, physical or both? PHD thesis. [full text]

Smeets, R.J., Severens, J.L., Beelen, S., Vlaeyen, J.W. and Knottnerus, J.A. (2009) More is not always better: Cost-effectiveness analysis of combined, single behavioral and single physical rehabilitation programs for chronic low back pain European Journal of Pain Vol. 13, 71–81 [full text]

Smeets, R.J., Van Geel, A.C., Kester, A.D. and Knottnerus, J.A. (2007) Physical capacity tasks in chronic low back pain: What is the contributing role of cardiovascular capacity, pain and psychological factors? Disability and Rehabilitation Vol.29, No.7, 577 – 586 [full text]

Soares, J.J.F., Jablonska, B. (2004) Psychosocial experiences among primary care patients with and without musculoskeletal pain European Journal of Pain 8, 79–89 [full text]

Standaert, C. J., Weinstein, S.M., Rumpeltes, J. (2008) Evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain with lumbar stabilization exercises The Spine Journal Vol. 8, 114–120 [abstract]

Tveito, T.H., Hysing, M. and Eriksen, H.R. (2004) Low back pain interventions at the workplace: a systematic literature review Occupational Medicine Vol.54, 3–13 [full text]

University of York NHS Centre for Reviews and DIssemination (2000) Effective Health Care: Acute and chronic low back pain. November, 6(5) [full text]

Van Dillen, L.R., Sahrmann, S.A., Wagner, J.M. (2005) Classification, intervention, and outcomes for a person with lumbar rotation with flexion syndrome. Phys Ther. Vol. 85, 336 –351 [full text]

van Geen, J-W, Edelaar, M.J.A., Janssen, M., and van Eijk, J.T.M. (2007) The Long-term Effect of Multidisciplinary Back Training: A Systematic Review Spine Vol. 32, No. 2, 1-7 [full text]

van Tulder, M., Malmivaara, A., Hayden, J., Koes, B. (2007) Statistical Significance Versus Clinical Importance: Trials on Exercise Therapy for Chronic Low Back Pain as Example. Spine: 32(16):1785-1790.[full text]

van Tulder, M., Malmivaara, A. Esmail, R. and Koes, B. (2000) Exercise Therapy for Low Back Pain A Systematic Review Within the Framework of the Cochrane Collaboration Back Review Group SPINE Vol. 25, No.21, 2784–2796 [full text]

Vera-Garcia, F.J., Grenier, S.G., McGill, S.M.(2000) Abdominal muscle response during curl-ups on both stable and labile surfaces. Phys Ther. No. 80, 564–569.[full text]

Vlaeyen, J.W., Linton, S.J. (2000) Fear-avoidance and its consequences in chronic musculoskeletal pain: a state of the art. Pain 85: 317-332 [full text]

Waddell, G. (2004) The Back Pain Revolution. London: Churchill Livingstone [google books]

Waddell, G., Burton, A.K. (2001) Occupational health guidelines for the management of low back pain at work: evidence review. Occup Med Vol.51, 124–135. [full text]

Wai, E.K., Rodriguez. S., Dagenais, S. and Hall, H. (2008) Evidence-informed management of chronic low back pain with physical activity, smoking cessation, and weight loss The Spine Journal Vol. 8, No.1, 195-202 [abstract]

Wand, B.M. and O'Connell, N.E. (2008) Chronic non-specific low back pain – sub-groups or a single mechanism? BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 9:11 http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2474/9/11 [full text]

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Williams, J.M.,Haq, I., Lee, R.Y. (2010) Is pain the cause of altered biomechanical functions in back pain sufferers? Human Movement Science 29(2): 311-325.[abstract]

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