Movement Screening

Critical Questions

  • What is Movement Screening?

  • What are the various methods of movement screening?

  • What is the proposed purpose of Movement Screening?

  • How is movement screening used? (it what was might this differ from the above)

  • What is the evidence for the effectiveness of movement screening? (see McCunn et al, 2016; Moran et al, 2017)

  • What is the Landing Error Scoring System?(see Padua)

Recommended Reading

Textbooks & Chapters

Bishop, C. (2017) Movement Screening: An integrated approach to assessing movement quality. In Turner, A., & Comfort, P. (Eds.). Advanced Strength and Conditioning: An Evidence-based Approach. London, UK: Routledge. (Ch 13)

Brandon, R. (2016) Screening methods for the strength and conditioning practitioner. In Jeffreys, I and Moody,J. Strength and Conditioning for Sports Performance. London: Routledge: 216-229.

Brady, C. and Hennessy, L. (2021) Functional screening methods for the strength and conditioning practitioner. In Jeffreys, I and Moody,J. Strength and Conditioning for Sports Performance (2nd Ed.). London: Routledge: 223-247

Cook, G., (2010) Movement: Functional Movement Systems: Screening, Assessment, and Corrective Strategies. Chichester, Lotus Publishing [companion website][amazon]

Herrington, L. C., Munro, A. G., & Jones, P. A. (2018). Assessment of factors associated with injury risk. In Comfort et al Performance Assessment in Strength and Conditioning. London: Routledge: 53-95. [google books]

Page, P., Frank, C. & Lardner, R. (2010). Assessment and treatment of muscle imbalance: the Janda approach. Human Kinetics.

Reiman, M. P., & Manske, R. C. (2009). Functional testing in human performance. Human Kinetics.

Journal Articles

Bakken, A., Targett, S., Bere, T., Eirale, C., Farooq, A., Tol, J. L., ... & Bahr, R. (2018). The functional movement test 9+ is a poor screening test for lower extremity injuries in professional male football players: a 2-year prospective cohort study. Br J Sports Med, 52(16), 1047-1053.

Bahr, R. (2016). Why screening tests to predict injury do not work—and probably never will…: a critical review. Br J Sports Med, 50(13), 776-780.

Beardsley, C., & Contreras, B. (2014). The functional movement screen: A review. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 36(5), 72-80. doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000074

Beckham, S.G., Harper, M. (2010) Functional Training Fad or Here to Stay? ACSM’s Health & Fitness Journal Vol. 14, No. 6, 24-30 [full text]

Bishop, C., Edwards, M., & Turner, A. (2016). Screening movement dysfunctions using the overhead squat. Professional Strength & Conditioning, 42, 22-30.

Bishop, C., Read, P., Walker, S., & Turner, A. N. (2015). Assessing movement using a variety of screening tests. Professional Strength & Conditioning, (37), 17-26.

Bishop, C., Brierly, S., & Turner, A. N. (2016). The single leg squat: When to prescribe this exercise. Professional Strength & Conditioning, (41), 17-26. [www]

Bittencourt, N. F. N., Meeuwisse, W. H., Mendonça, L. D., Nettel-Aguirre, A., Ocarino, J. M., & Fonseca, S. T. (2016). Complex systems approach for sports injuries: moving from risk factor identification to injury pattern recognition—narrative review and new concept. Br J Sports Med, bjsports-2015.

Blanch, P., & Gabbett, T. J. (2016). Has the athlete trained enough to return to play safely? The acute: chronic workload ratio permits clinicians to quantify a player's risk of subsequent injury. Br J Sports Med, 50(8), 471-475. [www]

Bonazza, N. A., Smuin, D., Onks, C. A., Silvis, M. L., & Dhawan, A. (2017). Reliability, validity, and injury predictive value of the functional movement screen: a systematic review and meta-analysis. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(3), 725-732.

Butler, R., Plisky, P., Southers, C., Scoma, C., Kiesel, K.B. (2010) Biomechanical analysis of the different classifications of the Functional Movement Screen deep squat test Sports Biomechanics Vol. 9, Issue 4, 270-279 DOI: 10.1080/14763141.2010.539623 [full text]

Chalmers, S., Fuller, J. T., Debenedictis, T. A., Townsley, S., Lynagh, M., Gleeson, C., ... & Magarey, M. (2017). Asymmetry during preseason Functional Movement Screen testing is associated with injury during a junior Australian football season. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 20(7), 653-657.

Cook, G., Burton, L., Hoogenboom, B. J., & Voight, M. (2014). Functional movement screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function‐part 1. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 9(3), 396.

Cook, G., Burton, L., Hoogenboom, B. J., & Voight, M. (2014). Functional movement screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function‐part 2. International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 9(4), 549.

Frohm, A., Heijne, A., Kowalski, J., Svensson, P., Myklebust, G. (2011) A nine-test screening battery for athletes: a reliability study Scand J Med Sci Sports doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01267.x [full text]

Frost, D. M., Beach, T. A. C., Callaghan J. A, & McGill, S. M. (2012). Using the Functional Movement Screen to Evaluate the Effectiveness Of Training. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 26(6), 1620-1630. [abstract]

Grindem, H., Logerstedt, D., Eitzen, I., Moksnes, H., Axe, M. J., Snyder-Mackler, L., ... & Risberg, M. A. (2011). Single-legged hop tests as predictors of self-reported knee function in nonoperatively treated individuals with anterior cruciate ligament injury. The American Journal of Sports Medicine, 39(11), 2347-2354.

Herrington, L., Myer, G. D., & Munro, A. (2013). Intra and inter-tester reliability of the tuck jump assessment. Physical Therapy in Sport, 14(3), 152-155. [www]

Kazman, J. B., Galecki, J. M., Lisman, P., Deuster, P. A., & O'connor, F. G. (2014). Factor structure of the functional movement screen in marine officer candidates. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(3), 672-678. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3182a6dd83

Kiesel, K.,Plisky, P., Butler, R.(2009) Functional movement test scores improve following a standardized off-season intervention program in professional football players Scand J Med Sci Sports doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2009.01038.x [full text]

Kiesel, K., Plisky, P. and Voight, M.L. (2007) Can Serious Injury in Professional Football Be Predicted by a Preseason Functional Movement Screen? N Am J Sports Phys Ther. Vol. 2, No.3, 147–158 [full text][pdf]

Kraus, K., Schütz, E., Taylor, W. R., & Doyscher, R. (2014). Efficacy of the functional movement screen: a review. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 28(12), 3571-3584.

Kyritsis, P., Bahr, R., Landreau, P., Miladi, R., & Witvrouw, E. (2016). Likelihood of ACL graft rupture: not meeting six clinical discharge criteria before return to sport is associated with a four times greater risk of rupture. Br J Sports Med, bjsports-2015.

McCunn, R., aus der Fünten, K., Fullagar, H. H., McKeown, I., & Meyer, T. (2016). Reliability and association with injury of movement screens: a critical review. Sports Medicine, 46(6), 763-781.

Minick, K.I., Kiesel, K.B., Burton, L., Taylor, A., Plisky, P., and Butler, R.J. (2010) Interrater reliability of the Functional Movement Screen. J Strength Cond Res 24(2): 479–486 [full text]

Moran, R. W., Schneiders, A. G., Mason, J., & Sullivan, S. J. (2017). Do Functional Movement Screen (FMS) composite scores predict subsequent injury? A systematic review with meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med, 51(23), 1661-1669.

Moran, R. W., Schneiders, A. G., Major, K. M., & Sullivan, S. J. (2016). How reliable are Functional Movement Screening scores? A systematic review of rater reliability. Br J Sports Med, 50(9), 527-536.

Myer, G. D., Brent, J. L., Ford, K. R., & Hewett, T. E. (2011). Real-time assessment and neuromuscular training feedback techniques to prevent ACL injury in female athletes. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 33(3), 21.doi: 10.1519/SSC.0b013e318213afa8

Okada, T., Huxel, K.C., and Nesser, T.W. (2011) Relationship between core stability, functional movement, and performance. J Strength Cond Res Vol. 25, No.1, 252–261[full text]

Padua, D. A., Marshall, S. W., Boling, M. C., Thigpen, C. A., Garrett Jr, W. E., & Beutler, A. I. (2009). The Landing Error Scoring System (LESS) is a valid and reliable clinical assessment tool of jump-landing biomechanics: the JUMP-ACL study. The American journal of sports medicine, 37(10), 1996-2002.

Padua, D. A., Boling, M. C., DiStefano, L. J., Onate, J. A., Beutler, A. I., & Marshall, S. W. (2011). Reliability of the landing error scoring system-real time, a clinical assessment tool of jump-landing biomechanics. Journal of Sport Rehabilitation, 20(2), 145-156.

Padua, D. A., DiStefano, L. J., Beutler, A. I., De La Motte, S. J., DiStefano, M. J., & Marshall, S. W. (2015). The landing error scoring system as a screening tool for an anterior cruciate ligament injury–prevention program in elite-youth soccer athletes. Journal of athletic training, 50(6), 589-595.

Schneiders, A.G. Davidsson, A., Hörman, E., Sullivan, S.J. (2011) Functional Movement Screen Normative Values In A Young, Active Population The International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy Vol. 6, No.2, 75 [full text]

Teyhen, D. S., Shaffer, S. W., Lorenson, C. L., Halfpap, J. P., Donofry, D. F., Walker, M. J., ... & Childs, J. D. (2012). The functional movement screen: a reliability study. journal of orthopaedic & sports physical therapy, 42(6), 530-540.[full text]

Trulsson, A., Miller, M., Hansson, G. Å., Gummesson, C., & Garwicz, M. (2015). Altered movement patterns and muscular activity during single and double leg squats in individuals with anterior cruciate ligament injury. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 16(1), 28.

Tumminello, N., Silvernail, J., & Cormack, B. (2017). The Corrective Exercise Trap. Personal Training Quarterly, NSCA, 4(1), 6-15. [www]

Landing Error Scoring System (see Padua)

Online Articles

Beardsey, C. Functional Movement Screen (FMS)

Ingraham, P (2011) The Functional Movement Screen [online] Available at:

Krondorf, L. (2017) Landing error Scoring System(LESS): A clinical tool used to assess jump-landing biomechanics.