Health Promotion Planning Models

Health Promotion Interventions should be effective in meeting the needs of the intended populations and should have real-world impact in terms of improved health-related quality of life. Many people including academics, practitioners and the lady down the street will have ideas about what the causes of ill health are and what can be done to rectify that. These ideas may not all align with each other and it has been said that the quality of the intervention planning process plays a significant role in the quality of intervention design and implementation and ultimately the scale of the impact. 

This page is designed to give an introduction to the various models and guidelines that have been designed to inform the development of Health Promotion interventions.

Further Reading

Abraham, C., & Denford, S. (2020). Design, Implementation and Evaluation of Behavior Change Interventions: A Ten-Task Guide. In M. Hagger, L. Cameron, K. Hamilton, N. Hankonen, & T. Lintunen (Eds.), The Handbook of Behaviour Change (pp. 269–284).   

Araujo-Soares, V., Hankonen, N., Presseau, J., Rodrigues, A. M., & Sniehotta, F. F. (2018). Developing behaviour change interventions for self-management in chronic Illness : An integrative overview. European Health Psychologist.

Barthlomew Eldredge, L. K. B., Markham, C. M., Kok, G., Ruiter, R. A., & Parcel, G. S. (2016). Planning health promotion programs: an intervention mapping approach. John Wiley & Sons.

Bauman, A. E., & Nutbeam, D. (2014). Planning and evaluating population interventions to reduce noncommunicable disease risk – reconciling complexity and scientific rigour? Public Health Research & Practice, 25(November), 1–8.

Biddle, S. J. H., Gorely, T., Faulkner, G., & Mutrie, N. (2021). Psychology of physical activity: Determinants, well-being and interventions Routledge. [Ch 11]

Bonell, C., Jamal, F., Melendez-Torres, G. J., & Cummins, S. (2015). “Dark logic”: Theorising the harmful consequences of public health interventions. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 69(1), 95–98. 

Fernandez, M. E., Ten Hoor, G. A., Van Lieshout, S., Rodriguez, S. A., Beidas, R. S., Parcel, G., ... & Kok, G. (2019). Implementation mapping: using intervention mapping to develop implementation strategies. Frontiers in public health, 7, 158. 

Glanz, K., Rimer, B. K., & Viswanath, K. (Eds.). (2015). Health behavior: Theory, research, and practice. John Wiley & Sons. 

Glanz, K., & Bishop, D. B. (2010). The role of behavioral science theory in development and implementation of public health interventions. Annual Review of Public Health, 31(1), 399–418.

Green, J., Tones, K., Cross, R. and Woodall, J. (2015) Health Promotion Planning & Strategies. (3rd ed.) Thousand Oaks: California: Sage Publications Ltd.

Green, L. W., Carlson Gielen, A., Ottoson, J.M., Peterson, D.V. and Kreuter, M.W. (2022). Health program planning, implementation, and evaluation: creating behavioral, environmental, and policy change. JHU Press. 

Hagger, M. S., Cameron, L. D., Hamilton, K., Hankonen, N., & Lintunen, T. (Eds.). (2020). The handbook of behavior change. Cambridge University Press.

Hankonen, N., & Hardeman, W. Developing Behavior Change Interventions. In M. Hagger, L. Cameron, K. Hamilton, N. Hankonen, & T. Lintunen (Eds.), The Handbook of Behaviour Change. Springer  [www]

Hawkins, J., Madden, K., Fletcher, A., Midgley, L., Grant, A., Cox, G., ... & White, J. (2017). Development of a framework for the co-production and prototyping of public health interventions. BMC public health, 17(1), 1-11. 

Hoddinott, P., Britten, J., & Pill, R. (2010). Why do interventions work in some places and not others: A breastfeeding support group trial. Social Science & Medicine, 70(5), 769–778. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.10.067 

Jepson, R., Williams, A. J., Doi, L., & Buelo, A. (2022). Developing Public Health Interventions: A Step-by-Step Guide. SAGE. 

Komro, K. A. (2018). 25 Years of Complex Intervention Trials: Reflections on Lived and Scientific Experiences. Research on Social Work Practice, 28(5), 523–531. 

Nutland, W. and Cragg, L. (Eds.) (2015) Health Promotion Practice. (2nd ed.) Berkshire: Open University Press. [Marjon e-book]

Nguyen-Trung, K., Saeri, A. K., Zhao, K., Boulet, M., & Kaufman, S. (2023, September 5). A Brief Introduction to a Socio-Ecological COM-B (SeCOM-B): A Behaviour Change Framework Response to Wicked Problems. 

O’Cathain, A., Croot, L., Sworn, K., Duncan, E., Rousseau, N., Turner, K., ... & Hoddinott, P. (2019). Taxonomy of approaches to developing interventions to improve health: a systematic methods overview. Pilot and feasibility studies, 5(1), 41.

O'Cathain, A., Croot, L., Duncan, E., Rousseau, N., Sworn, K., Turner, K., ... & Hoddinott, P. (2019). Guidance on developing interventions to improve health and health care. 

Presseau, J., Kasperavicius, D., Rodrigues, I. B., Braimoh, J., Chambers, A., Etherington, C., ... & Straus, S. (2022). Selecting implementation models, theories, and frameworks in which to integrate intersectional approaches. BMC Medical Research Methodology, 22(1), 212.   

Skivington, K., Matthews, L., Simpson, S. A., Craig, P., Baird, J., Blazeby, J. M., ... & Moore, L. (2021). A new framework for developing and evaluating complex interventions: update of Medical Research Council guidance. BMJ, 374. 

Wight, D., Wimbush, E., Jepson, R., & Doi, L. (2016). Six steps in quality intervention development (6SQuID). J Epidemiol Community Health, 70(5), 520-525. 

Other Resources

Related Pages on this website

What is Health Promotion?

Intervention Mapping

Logic Models


Systems Thinking