Strength, Conditioning & Fitness Heritage
Kraemer, W. J., Ratamess, N. A., Flanagan, S. D., Shurley, J. P., Todd, J. S., & Todd, T. C. (2017). Understanding the science of resistance training: an evolutionary perspective. Sports Medicine, 47(12), 2415-2435. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40279-017-0779-y
Milo of Crotona – (6th Century BC)
First recorded example of progressive resistance training when he lifted a calf every day for four years. [wikipedia]
Dr Dudley Sargent – (1849-1924)
Pioneer of fitness testing [wikipedia]
Louis Cyr - (1863-1912)
4337lb back lift and a horse pull from the canadian strongman [wikipedia]
Louis Uni (1862-1928)
The Great Apollon, a French circus strongman that regularly used wide grip bars and gives his name to the Apollon Axle. (wikipedia)
Henry “Milo” Steinbourn (1894-1989)
Devised the prototype for modern revolving olympic bars [profile]
Bernarr Macfadden (1868 - 1955)
Body builder, publisher, the father of physical culture.
Thomas Inch (1881-1963)
“Britains strongest youth” and gave his name to the Thomas Inch Replica Dumbell
Bob Hoffman (1898-1985)
Formed the York Barbell Company and published many books
Pudgy Stockton (1917 - 2006)
Bonnie Prudden (1914 - 2011)
More fitness than S&C, an expert rock climber and mountaineer, her report to Eisenhower on the unfitness of American children led to the formation of the President’s Council on Youth Fitness
Arthur Jones (1926-2007)
Any man that has the motto, "Younger Women, Faster Aeroplanes, Bigger Crocodiles" is bound to have a wealth of stories related to him. Wild-animal enthusiast, filmmaker and entrepreneur, Jones transformed the fitness industry with his Nautilus machines (wikipedia)(article by Clarence Bass)(jumbolair article)(New York Times obituary)
Paul Anderson - (1932-1994)
Black, J. (2013) Making the American Body: The Remarkable Saga of the Men and Women Whose Feats, Feuds, and Passions Shaped Fitness History. University of Nebraska Press. [amazon]
DeLorme, T.L. (1947) Restoration of muscle power by heavy-resistance exercises. J Bone Joint Surg 27:645 [full text] - The introduction of progressive resistance training, 1RM, 10RM, and the differentiation of aspects of strength development.
DeLorme, T. L., & Watkins, A. L. (1948). Technics of progressive resistance exercise. Arch Phys Med Rehabil, 29(5), 263-273.[full text]
Shurley, J. and Todd, J. (2011) “if anyone Gets slower, you’re fired”: Boyd Epley and the formation of the strength coaching profession [full text]
Sandow, E (1897) Strength and How to Obtain It. [google preview] a book by the man known as "the father of bodybuilding"
10 amazing Strongman feats of the past. Click here for more
www.oldtimestrongman.com - a site that is trying to sell programmes based on "oldtime" workouts but has other content as well.
The Lift Up project - A history of Olympic weightlifting