Healthy Public Policy
This page contains a number of resources that students can use when first being introduced to the concepts of Healthy Public Policy.
"...is policy at any level of government. Some levels may have formal or legal precedence over others. Policy may be set by heads of government, legislatures, and regulatory agencies empowered by other constituted authorities. Supranational institutions' policies, as those of the World Trade Organisation or United Nations Conventions, may overrule government policies." (Milio, 2001)
Healthy public policies...
"...improve the conditions under which people live: secure, safe, adequate, and sustainable livelihoods, lifestyles, and environments, including housing, education, nutrition, information exchange, child care, transportation, and necessary community and personal social and health services. Policy adequacy may be measured by its impact on population health." (Milio, 2001)
References and Recommended Reading
Brownson, R. C., Chriqui, J. F., & Stamatakis, K. A. (2009). Understanding evidence-based public health policy. American journal of public health, 99(9), 1576-1583.
Carey, G., Crammond, B., & Keast, R. (2014). Creating change in government to address the social determinants of health: how can efforts be improved?. BMC Public Health, 14(1), 1087.https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-14-1087
Coles, L., & Porter, E. (Eds.). (2011). Policy and Strategy for Improving Health and Wellbeing. Learning Matters.
Eyler, A. A., Chriqui, J. F., Moreland-Russell, S., & Brownson, R. C. (2016). Prevention, policy, and public health. Oxford University Press.
Eyler, A., Brownson, R., Schmid, T., & Pratt, M. (2010). Understanding policies and physical activity: frontiers of knowledge to improve population health. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7(s1), S9-S12. https://doi.org/10.1123/jpah.7.s1.s9
Jochelson, K. (2005). Nanny or steward. The role of government in public health. King’s Fund, London. [www]
Huang, T. T., Cawley, J. H., Ashe, M., Costa, S. A., Frerichs, L. M., Zwicker, L., ... & Kumanyika, S. K. (2015). Mobilisation of public support for policy actions to prevent obesity. The Lancet, 385(9985), 2422-2431.
Milio, N. (2001). Glossary: healthy public policy. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 55(9), 622-623. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech.55.9.622
Raphael, D. (2014). Beyond policy analysis: the raw politics behind opposition to healthy public policy. Health Promotion International, 30(2), 380-396. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dau044
Smith, K. E., & Katikireddi, S. V. (2013). A glossary of theories for understanding policymaking. J Epidemiol Community Health, 67(2), 198-202. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/jech-2012-200990
Sparks, M. (2011). Building Healthy Public Policy: don't believe the misdirection. Health Promotion International, 26(3), 259–262. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dar045
Swinburn, B. A. (2008). Obesity prevention: the role of policies, laws and regulations. Australia and New Zealand health policy, 5(1), 12. https://doi.org/10.1186/1743-8462-5-12
Tesh, S., Tuohy, C., Christoffel, T., Hancock, T., Norsigian, J., Nightingale, E., & Robertson, L. (1987). The meaning of healthy public policy. Health Promotion International, 2(3), 257-262. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/2.3.257
Tones, K., Green, J., Cross, R. and Woodall, J. (2015). Health Promotion: Planning and Strategies (3rd Ed.). London: Sage.
Wiley, L. F., Berman, M. L., & Blanke, D. (2013). Who's Your Nanny?: choice, paternalism and public health in the age of personal responsibility. The Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics, 41, 88-91. https://doi.org/10.1111/jlme.12048 [www]
Physical Activity Policy
Bellew, B., Bauman, A., Martin, B., Bull, F., & Matsudo, V. (2011). Public policy actions needed to promote physical activity. Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports, 5(4), 340. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12170-011-0180-6
Eyler, A. A., Brownson, R. C., & Schmid, T. L. (2013). Making strides toward active living: the policy perspective. Journal of public health management and practice: JPHMP, 19(3 0 1), S5. doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e31828c826c
Zukowska, J., Gobis, A., Krajewski, P., Morawiak, A., Okraszewska, R., Woods, C. B., ... & Bengoechea, E. G. (2022). Which transport policies increase physical activity of the whole of society? A systematic review. Journal of Transport & Health, 27, 101488. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jth.2022.101488
Watch a Lecture
Understanding the policy process
Public Health England Strategic Plan 2016-2020
Selbie, D. (2018) Better health for all: A new vision for prevention. https://publichealthmatters.blog.gov.uk/2018/11/05/better-health-for-all-a-new-vision-for-prevention/
The Guardian's Health Policy Collection