Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis

Theoretical Overview

Equipment Links

Further Reading

Dehghan, M., & Merchant, A. T. (2008). Is bioelectrical impedance accurate for use in large epidemiological studies. Nutr J, 7(26), 7-26.[full text]

Gonzalez, M. C., & Heymsfield, S. B. (2017). Bioelectrical impedance analysis for diagnosing sarcopenia and cachexia: what are we really estimating?. Journal of cachexia, sarcopenia and muscle, 8(2), 187-189.

Houtkooper, L.B., Lohman, T.G., Going, S.B., Howell, W.H. (1996) Why bioelectrical impedance analysis should be used for estimating adiposity. Am J Clin Nutr. Vol. 64, 436S–48S [full text]

Kyle, U. G., Earthman, C. P., Pichard, C., & Coss-Bu, J. A. (2015). Body composition during growth in children: limitations and perspectives of bioelectrical impedance analysis. European journal of clinical nutrition, 69(12), 1298.

Kyle, U.G., Bosaeus, I., De Lorenzo, A.D. et al. (2004) Bioelectrical impedance analysis— part I: review of principles and methods Clinical Nutrition Vol. 23, 1226–1243 [full text]

Kyle, U.G., Bosaeus, I., De Lorenzo, A.D. et al. (2004) Bioelectrical impedance analysis—part II: utilization in clinical practice Clinical Nutrition Vol. 23, 1430–1453 [full text]

Meyer, P., Makhlouf, A. M., Mondouagne Engkolo, L. P., Trentaz, F., Thibault, R., Pichard, C., & Burri, H. (2017). Safety of bioelectrical impedance analysis in patients equipped with implantable cardioverter defibrillators. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, 41(6), 981-985.

Mialich, M. S., Sicchieri, J. F., & Junior, A. A. J. (2014). Analysis of body composition: a critical review of the use of bioelectrical impedance analysis. Int J Clin Nutr, 2(1), 1-10.

Silva, A. M., Fields, D. A., & Sardinha, L. B. (2013). A PRISMA-Driven Systematic Review of Predictive Equations for Assessing Fat and Fat-Free Mass in Healthy Children and Adolescents Using Multicomponent Molecular Models as the Reference Method. Journal of obesity, 2013.[full text]

Ward, L. C. (2012). Segmental bioelectrical impedance analysis: an update. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care, 15(5), 424-429.