Further Links

  • Food Standards Agency. [Click here to go to]
  • Office of Dietary Supplements - [click here]
  • Click here for a link
  • Glycemic Index. Click here for more.
    • National Obesity Observatory (2011) Measuring diet and physical activity in weight management interventions [full text] Supplement (includes questionnaires) [full text]
    • - all things ergogenic


Further Reading

Aragon, A. A. and Schoenfeld, B. J. (2013) Nutrient timing revisited: is there a post-exercise anabolic window? Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. Vol. 10, No. 1: 5. [Online]. Available from: doi:10.1186/1550-2783-10-5.[fulltext]

Astrand, P.-O., Rodahl, K., Dahl, H., Stromme, S. (2003) Textbook of work physiology (4th Ed) Champaign, IL, Human Kinetics. Ch12: Nutrition and Physical Performance [google books]

Bailey, S.J., Winyard,P., Vanhatalo,A., Blackwell, J.R., DiMenna, F.J., Wilkerson, D.P., Tarr, J., Benjamin, N. and Jones, A.M. (2009) Dietary nitrate supplementation reduces the O2 cost of low-intensity exercise and enhances tolerance to high-intensity exercise in humans Physiol Vol.107:1144-1155. [full text]

Bean, A. (2009) The complete guide to sports nutrition. London: A&C Black

Burke, L (2007) Practical Sports Nutrition. Champaign, IL. Human Kinetics [google books]

Burke,L. (2003) “Sports Supplements and Sports Food.” In Hargreaves, M. & Hawley, J. Physiological basis of sports performance McGraw-Hill Australia, pp183-p253 [full text]

Cavill, N., Hillsdon, M., Anstiss, T. (2011) Brief interventions for weight management. Oxford: National Obesity Observatory [full text]

Clarke, N. (2008) Nancy Clark's sports nutrition guidebook (4th Ed). Champaign, IL. Human Kinetics.

Fink, H.H., Mikesky, A.E., Burgoon, L.A. (2012) Practical Applications in Sports Nutrition (3rd Ed) London: Jones & Bartlett Learning International [amazon][companion website]

Lustig, R. (2013) Fat Chance: The bitter truth about sugar. London: Fourth Estate.

McArdle , W.D., Katch, F.I., & Katch, V.L. (2013) Exercise Physiology: - Nutrition, Energy and Human Performance. (4th ed/Int.Ed.) Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Maughan R.J., Burke L.M., Coyle E.F. (2004) Food nutrition and sports performance II. The international Olympic committee Consensus on sports nutrition. London: Routledge; [google books]

Manore, M. & Thompson, J. (2009) Sport Nutrition for Health and Performance (2nd Ed). Champaign, IL. Human Kinetics. [google books]

Ramage, S., Farmer, A., Apps Eccles, K., & McCargar, L. (2013). Healthy strategies for successful weight

loss and weight maintenance: a systematic review. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 39(1), 1-20. [full text]

Tipton, K. D., Jeukendrup, A. E. & Hespel, P.(2007) Nutrition for the sprinter Journal of Sports Sciences, Vol. 25, suppl. 1, S5 – S15 [full text]

Tscholl, P., Alonso, J. M., Dollé, G., Junge, A., & Dvorak, J. (2010). The use of drugs and nutritional supplements in top-level track and field athletes. The American journal of sports medicine, Vol. 38, No.1: 133-140. [full text]

Yudkin, J. (2012) Pure, White and Deadly: How sugar is killing us and what we can do to stop it. Penguin

Weight Management and Obesity

Swinburn, B. A., Sacks, G., Hall, K. D., McPherson, K., Finegood, D. T., Moodie, M. L., & Gortmaker, S. L. (2011). The global obesity pandemic: shaped by global drivers and local environments. The Lancet, 378(9793), 804-814. [full text]

Woodward-Lopez, G., Kao, J., & Ritchie, L. (2011). To what extent have sweetened beverages contributed to the obesity epidemic?. Public Health Nutrition, 14(03), 499-509. [full text]

Wang, J., Light, K., Henderson, M., O'Loughlin, J., Mathieu, M. E., Paradis, G., & Gray-Donald, K. (2014). Consumption of Added Sugars from Liquid but Not Solid Sources Predicts Impaired Glucose Homeostasis and Insulin Resistance among Youth at Risk of Obesity. The Journal of nutrition, 144(1), 81-86. [full text]

General Guidelines

Bussell, G. (2007) The Case for Guideline Daily Amounts Functional Nutrition Vol.7 No.2 35-37 [full text]

Food and Drink Federation. The Science behind the guideline daily amount [pdf]

Smith, S. M. K., Guenther, P. M., Subar, A. F., Kirkpatrick, S. I. and Dodd, K. W. (2010) Americans Do Not Meet Federal Dietary Recommendations. The Journal of Nutrition. C: 1–7. [full text]

Creatine Supplementation

Nissen, S.L., and Sharp, R.L. (2003) Effect of dietary supplements on lean mass and strength gains with resistance exercise: a meta-analysis. J Appl Physiol Vol. 94: 651–659 [full text]

Terjung, R.L., Clarkson, P., Eichner, E.R., et al. (2000) American College of Sports Medicine roundtable. The physiological and health effects of oral creatine supplementation. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 32(3):706-717

Rawson, E.S. and J.S. Volek. (2003) Effects of creatine supplementation and resistance training on muscle strength and weightlifting performance. J. Strength. Cond. Res. Vol.17, No. 4, 822-31 [full text]

Fluids & Hydration

Armstrong, L.E. (2007) Assessing Hydration Status: The Elusive Gold Standard Journal of the American College of Nutrition 26(5) 575S–584S [full text]

Cohen, D. (2012) The truth about sports drinks BMJ 345:e4737 doi: 10.1136/bmj.e4737 [full text]

Coyle, E.F. (2004) Fluid and fuel intake during exercise Journal of Sports Sciences, 22, 39–55 [full text]

McArdle , W.D., Katch, F.I., & Katch, V.L. (2010) Exercise Physiology: - Nutrition, Energy and Human Performance.(7th ed) Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.75-80; 625-630

Sawka, M.N., Burke, L.M., Eichner, E.R. Maughan, R.J., Montain, S.J., and Stachenfeld, N.S. (2007) Exercise and Fluid Replacement. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise. Vol.39, No.2, 377-390 [full text]

von Duvillard, S.P., Braun, W.A., Markofski, M., Beneke R., and Leithäuser, R.( 2004) Fluids and hydration in prolonged endurance performance. Nutrition, 20: 651–656. [full text]

A hydration sensor...[click here]

Protein Intake

Aragon, A. A., & Schoenfeld, B. J. (2013). Nutrient timing revisited: is there a post-exercise anabolic window. J Int Soc Sports Nutr, 10(1), 5.[full text]

Churchward - Venne, T. A., Burd, N. A., Phillips, S. M., & Exercise Metabolism Research Group. (2012). Nutritional regulation of muscle protein synthesis with resistance exercise: strategies to enhance anabolism. Nutrition & Metabolism, Vol. 9, No.1, 40 [full text]

Tipton, K.D. & Wolfe, R.R. (2004) Protein and amino acids for athletes Journal of Sports Sciences, 22, 65–79 [full text]

Rennie, M.J. & Tipton, K.D. (2000) Protein and amino acid metabolism during and after exercise and the effects of nutrition Annu. Rev. Nutr.. 20:457–83 [full text]

Kraemer, W. J., et al (2009) Effects of Amino Acids Supplement on Physiological Adaptations to Resistance Training. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc 41(5) 1111–1121,[full text]

Paddon-Jones, D., Westman, E., Mattes, R. D., Wolfe, R. R., Astrup, A., & Westerterp-Plantenga, M. (2008). Protein, weight management, and satiety.The American journal of clinical nutrition, 87(5), 1558S-1561S [full text]

Paddon-Jones, D., Short, K. R., Campbell, W. W., Volpi, E., & Wolfe, R. R. (2008). Role of dietary protein in the sarcopenia of aging. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 87(5), 1562S-1566S [full text]

Phillips, S. M. (2017). Current Concepts and Unresolved Questions in Dietary Protein Requirements and Supplements in Adults. Frontiers in Nutrition, 4.

Schoenfeld, B. J., Aragon, A. A., & Krieger, J. W. (2013). The effect of protein timing on muscle strength and hypertrophy: a meta-analysis. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, 10(1), 53. [full text]

Wolfe, R. R. (2006). The underappreciated role of muscle in health and disease. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 84(3), 475-482.[full text]

An introduction to Protein: A schools workshop [another resource]

Fat Usage

Achten, J., Gleeson, M. and Jeukendrup, A. E. (2002) Determination of the exercise intensity that elicits maximal fat oxidation. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc. 34(1); 92–97. [full text]

Hawley, J.A.,Brouns, F. & Jeukendrup,A. (1998) Strategies to Enhance Fat Utilisation During Exercise Sports Med Apr; 25 (4): 241-257 [full text]

Tarino, P. W., Sun, Q., Hu, F. B., & Krauss, R. M. (2010). Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies evaluating the association of saturated fat with cardiovascular disease. The American journal of clinical nutrition, ajcn-27725.[full text]


Jentjen, R. & Jeukendrup, A.E.( 2003) Determinants of Post-Exercise Glycogen Synthesis During Short-Term Recovery Sports Med; 33 (2): 117-144 [full text]

Burke,L.M., Wood,C., Pyne,D.B., Telford,R.D. and Saunders, P.U. (2005) Effect of Carbohydrate Intake on Half-Marathon Performance of Well-Trained Runners International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 15, 573-589 [full text]

Burke, L. M., Loucks, A. B. and Broad, N. (2006) Energy and carbohydrate for training and recovery. Journal of Sports Sciences. Vol. 24, No. 7: 675–685. [full text]

NSCA Hot Topic. Glycemic Load v Glycemic Index. [full text]

Beetroot Juice

Bailey,S.J., Vanhatalo, A., Winyard, P.G. & Jones, A.M. (2012) The nitrate-nitrite-nitric oxide pathway: Its role in human exercise physiology, European Journal of Sport Science, Vol.12, No.4, 309-320 [full text]

Further Links

A perspective on intermittent fasting from the Poliquin team [click here]