Implement Training

Strength & Conditioning programmes are a key component of many athletes training programmes and much of this is delivered through the use of free weight exercises and more specifically the use of Olympic lifts and their derivative lifts. There are, however, a number of non-standard implements and methods that can be used to complement these exercises such as suspension training, kettlebells, water-filled containers, chains, ropes and sandbags. This section focusses on the use of such methods. For the keen trainer there is an excellent introductory chapter in Chandler & Brown (2008)
Further Reading

Bennett, S. (2008) Using "Strongman" Exercises in Training Strength & Conditioning Journal Vol.30, No.3, 42-43 [abstract]


Berning, J.M., Coker, C.A.  and Briggs,D.  (2008) The biomechanical and perceptual influence of chain resistance on the performance of the olympic clean Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 22(2) 390-395 [full text]


Chandler, T.J., Brown,L.E. (2008) Conditioning for Strength and Human Performance. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins [google books


Goss, K (2006) Is strongman training for you? Bigger Faster Stronger Jan/Feb 2006 [full text]


Hedrick, A. (2003) Using uncommon implements in the training programs of athletes. Strength Cond.Jnl 25(4) 18-22 [abstract]


Hedrick, A. Implement Training. An NSCA Hot Topic. [full text]


Henkin,J. (2006) Effective sandbag training. Available at 


Keogh, J.W.L. Payne, A.L., Anderson, B.B., Atkins, P.J. (2010) A Brief Description of the Biomechanics and Physiology of a Strongman Event: The Tire Flip Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 24(5) 1223-1228 [abstract]


Langford, G.A., McCurdy, K.W., Ernest, J.M., Doscher, M.W., and Walters, S.D. (2007) Specificity of Machine, Barbell, and Waterfilled Log Bench Press Resistance Training on Measures of Strength Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research  Vol.21, No. 4, 1061-6. [abstract]


Pollitt, D. (2003) Sled dragging for hockey training. Strength Cond J 25(5) 7-16 [full text]


Further Resources

Kettlebell Smart Start beginner's ebook - from

Sandbag Training from - the home of the 300 workout - ViPR Training

Heavy Rope Training - Doug Balzarini on YouTube