Aerobic Conditioning for Sport & Health

In order to effectively prescribe cardiovascular exercise for the improvement of performance or health, a fitness professional should understand the underpinning physiology of chronic aerobic adaptations and how to manipulate programming variables to elicit optimal improvements in fitness and performance.

This page contains a number of recommended journal articles intended to help develop greater understanding of aerobic exercise programming considerations. 

Recommended Reading

Billat,L.V. (2001) Interval Training for Performance: A Scientific and Empirical Practice. Special Recommendations for Middle- and Long-Distance Running. Part I: Aerobic Interval Training Sports Med; 31 (1): 13-31 [full text]


Billat,L.V. (2001) Interval Training for Performance: A Scientific and Empirical Practice. Special Recommendations for Middle- and Long-Distance Running. Part II: Anaerobic Interval Training Sports Med; 31 (2): 75-90 [full text]

Buchheit, M., & Laursen, P. B. (2013). High-intensity interval training, solutions to the programming puzzle. Sports Medicine, 43(5), 313-338.

Dellal, A., Hill-Haas, S., Lago-Penas, C., & Chamari, K. (2011). Small-sided games in soccer: amateur vs. professional players' physiological responses, physical, and technical activities. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(9), 2371-2381. 

Gastin, P. B. (2001). Energy system interaction and relative contribution during maximal exercise. Sports Medicine, 31(10), 725-741.

Gibala, M. J., Little, J. P., Van Essen, M., Wilkin, G. P., Burgomaster, K. A., Safdar, A., ... & Tarnopolsky, M. A. (2006). Short‐term sprint interval versus traditional endurance training: similar initial adaptations in human skeletal muscle and exercise performance. The Journal of Physiology, 575(3), 901-911.

Gielen, S., Schuler, G., & Adams, V. (2010). Cardiovascular effects of exercise training. Circulation, 122(12), 1221-1238.

Girard, O., Mendez-Villanueva, A., & Bishop, D. (2011). Repeated-sprint ability—Part I. Sports Medicine, 41(8), 673-694.

Bishop, D., Girard, O., & Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2011). Repeated-sprint ability—Part II. Sports Medicine, 41(9), 741-756.

Iaia, F., & Bangsbo, J. (2010). Speed endurance training is a powerful stimulus for physiological adaptations and performance improvements of athletes. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 20(s2), 11-23.

Jones, A. M., & Carter, H. (2000). The effect of endurance training on parameters of aerobic fitness. Sports Medicine, 29(6), 373-386.

Joyner, M.J. and Coyle, E.F. (2008) Endurance exercise performance: the physiology of champions. Journal of Physiology. Vol. 586, 35-44 [full text]

Laursen, P.B. and Jenkins, D.G. (2002) The Scientific Basis for High-Intensity Interval Training: Optimising Training Programmes and Maximising Performance in Highly Trained Endurance Athletes, Sports Medicine, Vol.32, 53–73.[abstract]

Laursen, P. B. (2010). Training for intense exercise performance: high‐intensity or high‐volume training?. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 20(s2), 1-10.

MacInnis, M. J., & Gibala, M. J. (2017). Physiological adaptations to interval training and the role of exercise intensity. The Journal of Physiology, 595(9), 2915-2930 

Midgley, A. W., McNaughton, L. R., & Jones, A. M. (2007). Training to enhance the physiological determinants of long-distance running performance. Sports Medicine, 37(10), 857-880.

Mujika, I. (2009) Tapering and peaking for optimal performance. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics [google books]

Plowman, S.A., Smtih, D.L. (2010) Exercise Physiology for Health, Fitness and performance (3rd ed) Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins [Ch5 metabolic conditioning]

Robergs, R.A. and Landwehr, R. (2002) The surprising history of the “HRmax=220-age” equation.. JEPonline. 5(2):1-10 [full text]

Seiler, S. (2010). What is best practice for training intensity and duration distribution in endurance athletes?. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 5(3), 276-291.

Solli, G. S., Tønnessen, E., & Sandbakk, Ø. (2017). The Training Characteristics of the World’s Most Successful Female Cross-Country Skier. Frontiers in Physiology, 8, 1069.

Spencer, M., Bishop D., Dawson, B. and Goodman, C. (2005) Physiological and Metabolic Responses of Repeated-Sprint Activities: Specific to Field-Based Team Sports. Sports Med 35 (12): 1025-1044 [full text]

Stone, N.M., Kilding, A.E. (2009) Aerobic Conditioning for Team Sport Athletes Sports Medicine 39(8) 615-642 [abstract]
Tabata, I. et al (1997) Metabolic profile of high intensity intermittent exercises. Medicine & Science in Sports and Exercise 29(3); 390-395 [full text]
Tanaka, H. and Seals, D.R. (2008) Endurance exercise performance in Masters athletes: age-associated changes and underlying physiological mechanisms Journal of Physiology  Vol. 586, No. 1, 55–63 [full text]

Winter, E. M., Jones, A. M., Davison, R. R., Bromley, P. D., & Mercer, T. H. (Eds.). (2006). Sport and Exercise Physiology Testing Guidelines: Volume I–Sport Testing: The British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences Guide. Routledge.

Related Links on
Fitness Tests for Aerobic Capacity

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