Strength & Conditioning

Initial Assessment
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Resistance Training Programme Design
See the attachments below for a number of key guidelines for developing a training programme
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Modes of Training
There are many different methods of overloading the musculoskeletal system and the relative usefulness of each method has been the focus of much research (Stone et al, 2000). The links below contain further information on each of the following modes of training.
  • Olympic-style Lifts - Click here for more
  • Squats and Deadlifts- Click here for more
  • Suspension Training - Click here for more
  • Plyometric Training - Click here for more
  • Complex Training - Click here for more
  • Ballistic Resistance Training - Click here for more
  • Agility and Speed Training - Click here for more
  • Core Stability Training - Click here for more
  • Circuit Training - Click here for more
  • Vibration Exercise- Click here for more
  • Kettlebell Training - Click here for more
  • Implement Training - Click here for more
S&C for specific sports
Further Links
History of Strength & Conditioning
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Fitness Instruction
Click here for more references and reading suggestions
Click here for a pdf "coaching points for various lifts"
The metabolic cost of resistance training
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References & Further Reading
The National Strength & Conditioning Association Performance Training Journal. Click here for Back Issues
Baechle, T.R., Earle, R.W. (2008). Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning (3rd Ed.) National Strength and Conditioning Association. Champaign IL: Human Kinetics. [google books]

Behrens, M.J. and Simonson, S. (2011) A Comparison of the Various Methods Used to Enhance Sprint Speed Strength and Conditioning Journal Vol.33, No.2, pp64-71.


Bishop, D., Girard, O., & Mendez-Villanueva, A. (2011). Repeated-sprint ability - part II: recommendations for training. Sports Medicine 41(9), 741–56. [full text]


Boyle, M. (2010) Advances in Functional Training. Chichester: Lotus Publishing


Brewer, C. (2005) Strength and Conditioning for Sport: A practical Guide for Coaches. Leeds: SportsCoach UK


Brooks, D. (2001) Effective Strength Training: Analysis and technique for upper body, lower body and trunk exercises. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics [google books]


Brown, L.E. (2007) Strength Training. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics [google books]


Cardinale,M., Newton,R., Nosaka,K. (2011) Strength and Conditioning: Biological Principles and Practical Applications. Oxford; Wiley-Blackwell [google books][chap 1 skeletal phys][companion website]


Carroll, T. J., Riek, S., & Carson, R. G. (2001). Neural adaptations to resistance training. Sports Medicine, 31(12), 829-840.[full text]

Chandler, T.J., Brown,L.E. (2008) Conditioning for Strength and Human Performance. Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins [google books


Cormie, P., McGuigan, M. R., & Newton, R. U. (2011). Developing Maximal Neuromuscular Power: Part I Biological basis of maximal power production. Sports Med41(1), 17-38. [full text]

Cormie, P., McGuigan, M. R., & Newton, R. U. (2011). Developing Maximal Neuromuscular Power: Part II Training considerations for improving maximal power production. Sports Med41(2), 125-146. [full text]

Craig, B.W. (no date) The Anaerobic Aspects of Resistance Training NSCA Hot Topic [full text]


Dargo, S. (2009) Unfolding the Practical Knowledge of an Expert Strength and Conditioning Coach International Journal of Sports Science & Coaching 4(1) 17-30 [full text]


Gamble, P. (2009) Strength and Conditioning for Team Sports: Sport-Specific Physical Preparation for High Performance, Abingdon: Taylor & Francis. [google books]


Gee, T.I., Olsen, P.D., Berger, N.J, Golby, J., and Thompson, K.G. (2011) Strength and Conditioning Practices in Rowing J Strength Cond Res Vol.25, No. 3, 668-682 [abstract]


Kraemer, W. J., & Ratamess, N. A. (2005). Hormonal responses and adaptations to resistance exercise and trainingSports Medicine, 35(4), 339-361.

Pierce, K.C., Brewer, C., Ramsey, M.W., Byrd, R., Sands, W.A., Stone, M.E. and Stone, M.H. (2008) Youth Resistance Training. UKSCA Journal, 9-23. Full text Available from:


Ratamess, N. (Ed) (2012) ACSMs Foundations of Strength and Conditioning Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins


Stone,M.H., Collins, D., Plisk, S., Haff, G., Stone, M.E. (2000) Training Principles: Evaluation of Modes and Methods of Resistance Training Strength & Conditioning Journal 22, (3) 65–76 [full text]


Stone, M.H., Stone,M.E.,Sands,W.A.(2007) Principles and Practice of Resistance Training.Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics [google books]


Stoppani,J. (2006) Encyclopedia of Muscle and Strength. Champaign,IL: Human Kinetics [google books]


Tod, D.A., Bond, K.A., and Lavallee, D. (2012) Professional development themes in strength and conditioning coaches. J Strength Cond Res Vol. 26, No.3, 851-860 [abstract]


Zatsiorsky, V.M. & Kraemer, W.J. (2006) Science and Practice of Strength Training (2nd Ed). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics [google books]