Key Reading

Moini, J (2013) Phlebotomy: Principles and Practice. Jones & Bartlett Publishers (Ch 5 Anatomy and Physiology of the Cardiovascular System)

Further Reading

Joyner, M.J. and Coyle, E.F. (2008) Endurance exercise performance: the physiology of champions. Journal of Physiology. Vol. 586, 35-44 [full text]


Kenney, W. L., Wilmore, J., & Costill, D. (2015). Physiology of Sport and Exercise 6th Edition. Human kinetics.

McArdle , W.,  Katch, K., & Katch, V.  (2010) Exercise Physiology: - Energy, Nutrition and Human Performance.  7th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.

Myers, J. (2003) Exercise and Cardiovascular Health Circulation Vol. 107, 1-5 [full text]


Richard,R. Lonsdorfer-Wolf,E., Dufour,S., Doutreleau,S. Oswald-Mammosser,M., Billat, V.L. and Lonsdorfer,J. (2004) Cardiac output and oxygen release during very high-intensity exercise performed until exhaustion Eur J Appl Physiol 93: 9–18 [full text]

Robergs, R.A. and Landwehr, R. (2002) The surprising history of the “HRmax=220-age” equation.. JEPonline. 5(2):1-10 [full text]


Plowman, S. A., & Smith, D. L. (2013). Exercise Physiology for Health Fitness and Performance. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Saltin et al (eds) (2000) Exercise and Circulation in Health and Disease. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics [google books]


Tanaka, H. and Seals, D.R. (2008) Endurance exercise performance in Masters athletes: age-associated changes and underlying physiological mechanisms Journal of Physiology  Vol. 586, No. 1, 55–63 [full text]

Further Links

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