Strength, Conditioning & Fitness Heritage

 
 
 
 
 
 
Key Figures

Milo of Crotona – (6th Century BC)

First recorded example of progressive resistance training when he lifted a calf every day for four years.

[wikipedia]

 

Dr Dudley Sargent – (1849-1924)

Pioneer of fitness testing.

[wikipedia]

 

Louis Cyr - (1863-1912)

4337lb back lift and a horse pull from the canadian strongman.

[wikipedia] [sandowplus.co.uk]

 

Louis Uni (1862-1928)

The Great Apollon, a French circus strongman that regularly used wide grip bars and gives his name to the Apollon Axle.

 

George Hackenschmidt (1877-1968)

The Russian Lion, a strongman and wrestler that gave his name to the Hack Squat

[wikipedia] [sandowplus.co.uk]

 

Henry “Milo” Steinbourn (1894-1989)

Devised the prototype for modern revolving olympic bars.

[profile]

 

Bernarr Macfadden (1868 - 1955)
Body builder, publisher, the father of physical culture.

Thomas Inch (1881-1963)

“Britains strongest youth” and gave his name to the Thomas Inch Replica Dumbell.

[sandowplus.co.uk]

 

Bob Hoffman (1898-1985)

Formed the York Barbell Company and published many books.

[sandowplus.co.uk]

 
Pudgy Stockton (1917 - 2006)
One of the original female lifters

Bonnie Prudden (1914 - 2011)
More fitness than S&C, an expert rock climber and mountaineer, her report to Eisenhower on the unfitness of American children led to the formation of the President’s Council on Youth Fitness
(wikipedia)(who is Bonnie Prudden video)

Arthur Jones (1926-2007)
Its always worth finding out more about a man that has the motto,  "Younger Women, Faster Aeroplanes, Bigger Crocodiles". Wild-animal enthusiast, filmmaker and entrepreneur, Jones transformed the fitness industry with his Nautilus machines.

Paul Anderson - (1932-1994)
Weighlifter, powerlifter, strongman
 
Further Links


Black, J. (2013) Making the American Body: The Remarkable Saga of the Men and Women Whose Feats, Feuds, and Passions Shaped Fitness History. University of Nebraska Press. [amazon]

DeLorme, T.L. (1947) Restoration of muscle power by heavy-resistance exercises. J Bone Joint Surg 27:645 [full text] - The introduction of progressive resistance training, 1RM, 10RM, and the differentiation of aspects of strength development.
 

DeLorme, T. L., & Watkins, A. L. (1948). Technics of progressive resistance exercise. Arch Phys Med Rehabil29(5), 263-273.[full text]


Shurley, J. and Todd, J. (2011) “if anyone Gets slower, you’re fired”: Boyd Epley and the formation of the strength coaching profession [full text]

 
Sandow, E (1897) Strength and How to Obtain It. [google preview] a book by the man known as "the father of bodybuilding"
 
Pumping Iron (1977) starring Arnold Schwarzenegger (click here for imdb.com link) (full movie on youtube)
 
Pumping Iron II: The women (1985) (click here for imdb.com link)(full movie on youtube)
 
10 amazing Strongman feats of the past. Click here for more
 
www.oldtimestrongman.com - a site that is trying to sell programmes based on "oldtime" workouts but has other content as well.
 
The Lift Up project - A history of Olympic weightlifting
 
   
 

Pumping Iron ‎‎‎(1977)‎‎‎

 

Eugen Sandow

Jack LaLanne's Trimnastics 1951



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